Phalsa Tips

  • Phalsa bears fruit on current season's growth so there is a need for regular but severe annual pruning before the on-set of spring. Annual pruning to a height of about 1 mtr encourages new shoots and higher yield of marketable fruit than does more drastic trimming (Singh and Sharma 1961). Gibberellic acid has been reported to improve fruit set and increase fruit size (Randhawa et al. 1959). The Phalsa plant shows good response to nitrogen applications. High levels of phosphorus supply increase sugar content in the fruit while higher potassium suppresses sugar and promotes acidity. Phalsa is considered stress-tolerant and is commonly grown under neglect (Hays 1953)."   Ref:  Asit Ghosh – Florida   
  • Pruning experiments were conducted during 2000/01 and 2001/02 on 5-year-old Phalsa to standardize pruning height for better growth and maximum production of quality fruits under the arid ecosystem of western Rajasthan, India. The pruning treatments comprised: 0 cm (T1); 10 cm (T2); 20 cm (T3); 30 cm (T4); 40 cm (T5); 50 cm (T6); 60 cm (T7); 70 cm (T8); and no pruning (T9). At 30 months after pruning, the earliest number of days to new growth and the highest height of new growth were obtained with T8 for both seasons. The highest number of canes per plant were obtained with T6 and T5 during 2001 and 2002, respectively. T5 gave the highest average yield per plant. Comparative data on the effect of pruning on flowering and fruiting of phalsa are also tabulated.    Authors: Singh, D. B., Awasthi, O. P., Singh, R. S.
    Central Institute for Arid Horticulture, Beechwal, Bikaner - 334 006, Rajasthan, India.
    Horticultural Journal, 2004 (Vol. 17) (No. 1) 9-13 published by Society for Advancement of Horticulture

  • In June 1998 I planted six small trees in my arboretum.  They grew fine and eventually became very leggy and did not produce much fruit.  This year I had them cut back to around 1 metre and the response was dramatic.  They have produced large numbers of new shoots all with lots of flowers.  It does seem that to get a lot of fruit it is necessary to prune this species every year.   Ref: David Chulow