Mangoes at the Australian National Mango Genebank

The Australian National Mango Genebank is the largest collection of mango cultivars and mango related species in Australia. The genebank is maintained as a collection of mature growing trees on the Department of Primary Industries and fisheries, Ayr Research Station. The collection consists of approximately 300 mango cultivars and related species, originating in many parts of the world.

The collection was started in the 1960’s in the Brisbane region with an introduction program targeting promising varieties from around the world. This program was later expanded to the Bowen/Ayr (dry tropics) and Kamerunga/Walkamin (wet tropics) regions of Queensland. In the early 1980’s the collection was moved to the Ayr Research Station where it is situated today. Within the genebank there are several smaller collections such as, Australian cultivars, foreign cultivars, green eating cultivars and Mangifera species. Although mango is not native to Australia, many selections of trees were made in the 1960’s. These trees were generally found in the vicinity of Queensland ports. Many of the trading ships in the 1800’s left mango seeds behind that found their way on to farms and stations. A number of these cultivars are represented in the genebank.

The collection also contains many of the more popular commercial varieties from around the world. The collection holds mango varieties from Malaysia, India, Sri Lanka, Indonesia, Mexico, Hawaii, Thailand, Vietnam, Philippines, Taihei, Jamaica, South Africa, Israel, USA, Australia, Kenya and Brazil. In recent times an effort has been made to collect the best green eating varieties from around South East Asia to supply the growing demand for green-eating mangoes in Australia. The collection now holds green-eating varieties such as Keow Savoey, Rad, Nang Klang Wan, and Falan, from Thailand, Xoai Tuong from Viet Nam, and Golek from Indonesia. The collection also holds a number of related Mangifera species that may, in the future prove useful in breeding programs or as sources of rootstocks. Some of these include M. odorarta, M. cesia, M. foteida, M. panjang, M. aplanata, M. zelynica.

The genebank has been used as a centralised source of mango genetic material for industry diversification over the past 40 years. Throughout its life the genebank has played a major role in all industry genetic improvement programs, supplying growers with new varieties and as a source of parental material for seedling selection and breeding programs. The successful Australian cultivar “R2E2” was developed using seed material from the Australian National Genebank. More recently the genebank has been a major source of parental cultivars used in the Australian National Mango Breeding Program, which has been very successful generating large numbers of high quality hybrids is using controlled crossing techniques between Kensington Pride and a number of varieties from the genebank. The Australian National Genebank is a collection that is continually having new accessions added and information on the accessions upgraded.  The collection is a vital part of Australia’s mango industry and an essential tool in the improvement of mango germplasm. Because they only have a single tree of each variety, they can only supply small amounts of budwood of any one variety.

If you are interested in any particular variety please contact the Farm Manager at Ayr:

John Brown 07 4783 0401 or Ian Bally, Senior Horticulturist, Horticulture and Forestry Sciences, Department of Primary Industries and Fisheries, 28 Peters St (P.O. Box 1054), Mareeba QLD 4880  Telephone  07  4048 4644   Facsimile  07  4092 3593  Call Centre 13 25 23

email  ian.bally@dpi.qld.gov.au   Mobile  0419 679 463

 

                                                                      Australian National Mango Genebank

                                                                                   Ayr Research Station

13-1

Carabao Mindinao

Hybrid 10

Mapulevu

Rosa

Amarto Seedless

Carabao Super Manila

Hybrid 17

Mar

Ruoyal Special

Golden Delight

Carabao Timited

Indian (Foran)

Millaroo 1

Rupee

Gudang

Carabao T'ville

Indian 1

Millaroo 6

S.B. Chowsa

Kasturi

Carrie

Indian 2

Momi K

S113

Kyal        

Casino gold

Indian T'ville

Mulgoa Ramasamy

Sabre

Summerlee ii

Cathamia

Indochinese Late

Mullimby Gold

Saigon

Tom

Cedar Bay

Ingham Late

Mundappa

Santa Alexandrina

'A'

Chandrakaran

Irwin

Mylepania

Sapa

A67

Chenkie

Isis

Nam Doc Mai 4

Sensation

Akbar

Chockanan

Jakarta

Nam Doc Mai T/A Select

Siphon

Alphonso

Cobera tongue

Jehangir

Nam Dok Mai  

Smith

Ampalam

Coconut

Jewel

Navaneelum

Spirit of 76

Anderson

Common

Julie

Neelum

Spooner

Andreoli

Creeper

Kalapady

Nelson

Springfels

Ann

Crimson Blush

Kamerunga White

New Guinea Long

Sri Jaya

Anopan

Dashehari

Karutha Columban

Nimrod

Sufaida

Apple

Davis Haden

Keaw

Nixons Special

Summerlee i

Asam Rumuk

Dcheruku  rasam

Keitt

Nong Sang

Sungi Siput

'B'

Dorothy

Kensington (M)

OK Rong

Tanjang pinang pink

B%

Dray

Kensington Grossman

Ok rong

Tekin

B.O.T.

Duncan

Kensington KRS

Olour

Telok Anson

Bacany

Early Gold

Kent

Ono

Temira

Bali Apple

Edward

Keow Savoey

Orange

Thai Wild

Bambaroo (K)

Elephants Tusk

Kimba

Padiri

Thar

Banana

Excell

Kishenbhog

Pahiri

Thomas

Banana Long

Fairchild

Kopu Reva

Pairi

Tiwi

Bangalora

Fajari

Kuini

Pajo

Tommy Atkins

Bangampalli

Falan

Kuru

Palmer

Tong Dum

Batawi

Fascell

Langra

Paris

Totapuri

Batu Ferrungi

Fifi

Larman

Parri

Trusso

Betti Amba

Florigon

Lemon

Parvin

Tuong dum

Beverly

Fred Roos

Lipens

Peach G.C.

Van Dyke

Black Jamacian

Fyhn

M. odourata

Phoenix

Vella Colomban

Black Java

G. Allan

M. panjang

Pico

Whiley 42

Blue

Gail

M.altisima

Pineapple

Willard

Bombay

Gedong

M.aplanata

Pirie

Willard (H)

Bombay Green

Glenn

M.foetida

Pope

Xoai Boui

Boribo

Golden Tropic

M.laurina

Predojevich

Xoai Bu

Bowen Early

Goldsworthy

M.quadrifida

Pulella Late

Xoai cat

Brady (K)

Golek

Macay

R2E2

Xoai Cat chu

Brindabin

Gouviea

Mag B

Rad

Xoai Cat Hoa Loc

Brindbin

Graham

Magovar

Rajah

Xoai Cat Thom

Brooks

Gratidge

Maha 165

Rapa

Xoai Nho

Browns Seedling

Gullivers Triumph

Maha Janka

Raspuri

Xoai Thanh Ca

Bullocks Heart

Haden

Mallika

Red Mulgoba

Xoai Tuong

Bundaberg Late

Harumanis

Manalagi

Repozo

Yorkys Knob

Carabao 1

Harumanis Red

Manggadol

Robers 1

Yusof

Carabao Flav

Hatcher

Manjeera

Roberts 3

Zardalu

Carabao Harbon

Himat pasand

Manoranjan

Roberts Special

Zill

Carabao Lamao

Hong-Sa

Manzanillo-nunez

Rockdale Saigon

Zillate

Carabao Losbanos

Hood

Manzano

Rockhampton Large

 

 

Authored by: 
John Brown and Ian Bally
Sourced from: 
STFC Newsletter June - July 2006
Date sourced: 
June 2006